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SOUTH ASIA AND ITS COUNTRIES


map of south asian countries




South Asia
is Asia’s largest sub-region. 
It comprises the sub-Himalayan SAARC countries, including

3. Bhutan
4. Maldives
5. Nepal
6.India
7.Pakistan 
8. Sri Lanka
It is home to some of the most populated cities in the world, including Delhi and Mumbai in India, Karachi in Pakistan, and Dhaka in Bangladesh
The area is often referred to geologically, as the Indian Subcontinent. Although the South Asia region covers more than just the ‘subcontinent.’

In early colonial times, strategists considered South Asia as a part of East Asia, but the two are now referred to as two separate sub-regions. 
The boundaries of South Asia vary based on how the region is defined…
Some geographers consider certain parts of Iran and Afghanistan to fall within the Greater Southwest Asia region.

South Asia not only has the largest population, it also has the tallest point, in Mount Everest, which is located in Nepal.



Afghanistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country in South and Central Asia. Afghanistan is bordered by Pakistan to the east and south; Iran to the west; Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan to the north; and China to the northeast.
Population3.72 crores (2018) World Bank
CurrencyAfghan afghani
Official languagesPashto, Dari




Bangladesh, to the east of India on the Bay of Bengal, is a South Asian country marked by lush greenery and many waterways. Its Padma (Ganges), Meghna and Jamuna rivers create fertile plains, and travel by boat is common. On the southern coast, the Sundarbans, an enormous mangrove forest shared with Eastern India, is home to the royal Bengal tiger.
Population16.14 crores (2018) World Bank
CurrencyBangladeshi taka
3.BHUTAN 




Bhutan, a Buddhist kingdom on the Himalayas’ eastern edge, is known for its monasteries, fortresses (or dzongs) and dramatic landscapes that range from subtropical plains to steep mountains and valleys. In the High Himalayas, peaks such as 7,326m Jomolhari are popular trekking destinations. Paro Taktsang monastery (also known as Tiger’s Nest) clings to cliffs above the forested Paro Valley.
Population7.54 lakhs (2018) World Bank
CURRENCY : Bhutanese Ngultrum


4.MALDIVES


5.Nepal



Nepal, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a country in South Asia. It is located mainly in the Himalayas, but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain. It is the 49th largest country by population and 93rd largest country by area. 
Population2.81 crores (2018) World Bank
CurrencyNepalese rupee



India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the second-most populous country, the seventh-largest country by area, and the most populous democracy in the world
Population135.26 crores (2018) TrendingWorld Bank
CURRENCY: INDIAN RUPEES
7.PAKISTAN


Pakistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in South Asia. It is the world's fifth-most populous country with a population exceeding 212.2 million. By area, it is the 33rd-largest country, spanning 881,913 square kilometres. Wikipedia
Population21.22 crores (2018) TrendingWorld Bank
CurrencyPakistani rupee
Gross domestic product31,458.82 crores USD (2018) World Bank
8. SRI LANKA







Sri Lanka, officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia, located in the Indian Ocean southwest of the Bay of Bengal and southeast of the Arabian Sea. It is geographically separated from the Indian subcontinent by the Gulf of Mannar and the Palk Strait. Wikipedia
Population2.17 crores (2018) World Bank
CurrencySri Lankan rupees




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